The Gaviota (1960-1964)

The year 1960 witnessed the birth of the Gaviota (“seagull” in Spanish), a literary magazine with a distinct aesthetic and political flair that altogether transformed the previous conservative tone and tenor of the campus literary journal. With a much more progressive and revolutionary bent, Gaviota dedicated itself to the kind of student activism and campaigns for social justice that would come to define the 1960s.

Be it through explicit opposition to nuclear war or essays on the power of grassroots movements, the magazine advocated the change its editors and staff wanted to see in the world. The Winter 1962 issue, in particular, identified Gaviota as a “magazine born of controversy” — one that was “conceived in an off-campus residence” because of its interests in maintaining true freedom of expression. Throughout its issues, the journal offered experimental prose, poetry, and artwork, including a comics series and other graphic art forms.